By 1500, two large Iroquoian villages were in place near the central Humber River and on its branch, Black Creek. The First Nations of the area predominantly belonged to the Iroquois speaking group, and included the Hurons of the Georgian Bay area. Geographically, Vaughan was an important Region for the First Nations and later the French due to the Humber River and Humber Trail, linking Lake Ontario to Lake Simcoe.

Pen and ink drawing from A History of Vaughan Township, G. E. Reaman, 1971, pg. 11.